Leu, C. Hinchman Eds. Chicago: National Reading Conference. I am looking for the impact of motivation on reading comprehension for EFL learners undergraduate student. I'm looking at usinhg e-readers to motivate struggling readers, have a lot in common with your article, so hoping they'll promote reading for them.
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You are here Home. Reading Motivation: What the Research Says. By: Linda Gambrell , Barbara Marinak. Self-efficacy studies Albert Bandura suggests that motivation or a lack thereof is the result of an individual's self-efficacy related to a task. Reading motivation research Researchers have identified a number of factors important to reading motivation including self-concept and value of reading, choice; time spent talking about books, types of text available, and the use of incentives.
About the authors Linda B. References References Click the "References" link above to hide these references. The Reading Teacher, Guthrie, J. Journal of Reading Behavior, 25, Worthy, J. References Bandura, A. Linda Gambrell, Barbara Marinak Related Topics Motivation. Comments I am looking for the impact of motivation on reading comprehension for EFL learners undergraduate student. Add comment Your name. More information about text formats. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
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Breaking lessons up into more easily digestible sections and using digital applications whenever appropriate may be a better way to reach high school students than more traditional teaching methods. Two Level aa Nonfiction. Personalised recommendations. The patient of case 3 carried a history of dizziness, with an MRI showing us a right sphenoid wing meningioma with perilesional edema. Krashen, S.
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November 7, Remembering Modicai Gerstein. October 1, Summer Adventures: Read. Map Fun: Creating a Visual Itinerary. August 30, September 17, Reading Success During Spring Break! March 16, Get Widget. Levels of. One of the challenges to increasing rigor in the classroom is student motivation.
Colorado Standards and Indicators for Continuous School Teachers use strategies to ensure students are cognitively engaged e. Blackburn, Barbara R. Rigor is Not a Four-Letter Word. First published by Eye on Education. To the teachers described throughout the book…your stories are inspiring. The chest, abdomen and pelvis CT discarded local recurrence of his tumor as well as compromise of others parenchymas. The magnetic resonance imaging MRI showed that the intracranial mass had dural contact and intense and homogeneous enhancement with gadolinium Figure 1. Figure 1: a Right frontal parasagital mass hyperintense on T2 and b flair c with intense and homogeneous enhancement with contrast.
Given the possibility of a dural metastasis considering the neoplastic history of the patient we decided to operate this incidental mass. We achieved complete resection of the tumor with its dural implantation in the convexity duramater and we performed a duraplasty with pericranium.
The clinical evolution was satisfactory and control MRI showed the complete removal of the lesion Figure 2. The patient is under close follow-up given the diagnosis of an atypical meningioma. See the complete resection of the tumor. A year-old man with a history of hypertension with irregular controls and moderate to severe renal chronic disease was admitted to the emergency medical center for respiratory symptoms and a viral impregnation syndrome.
At physical examination he had mental confusion and because of this the emergency physician requested a cranial CT and a right pterional meningioma was found. He was diagnosed with a respiratory infection and once it was treated, his mental status improved. The evaluation of the lesion was completed with resonance Figure 3 and after that we discussed the management options. Figure 3: a Right pterional meningioma. MRI sequences coronal T2, b axial flair and c axial T1 with gadolinium.
This incidental meningioma was hyperintense on T2-weighted MRI image, a feature associated with a higher growth rate. Anyway, this incidental tumor sits in a year-old patient with a bad medical condition; therefore initial observation was considered the best management option. A year-old female, carrier of sickle cell anemia , was derived by neurologist. She presented a history of dizziness of two months of evolution. The clinical examination did not reveal cranial nerves or focal spinal deficits.
MRI showed a right sphenoid wing meningioma with extension to the anterior clinoid process and cavernous sinus, surrounded by edema Figure 4. Figure 4: a Sphenoid wing meningioma. Sequences coronal T2, b T1 with gadolinium, axial c coronal and d sagital.
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In this case, we chose surgical treatment taking into account the age of the patient, high signal of the tumor on T2-weighted MRI image and presence of brain edema. Even though, this location may be associated with increased surgical morbidity, early intervention can allow us to achieve a resection with a lower grade on the Simpson scale. We performed a pterional craniotomy with extra-intradural approach to remove the lesion. The inmediate postoperative course was uneventful and the pathological anatomy confirmed a WHO grade I meningioma.
An MRI was requested to evaluate tumor resection Figure 5. After discharge, the patient presented right V1 pain, which has remained stable but requiring specific analgesia. The patient is being followed by neurologist and neurosurgeon in the outpatient clinic. An year-old male with a past history of smoking, hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, came to our outpatient clinic.
He carried a calcified left frontal meningioma, diagnosed 12 years before, asymptomatic.
In recents months adds dizziness and a new image is requested Figure 6. The same did not show changes compared with previous images. Figure 6: a CT without and b with contrast. Left calcified frontal meningioma. Considering age, comorbidities, symptoms not related to the mass, which is a calcified meningioma that has remained stable for the last years, we decided for an expectant management. The most important variables considered to define treatment in each case are summarized in Table 1.
Table 1: Main variables considered for decision making and treatment adopted, according to the case. When dealing with an incidental meningioma we have to consider factors related to the patient and factors related to the tumor and its biology. Age is one of the most important factors to consider in these patients. In cases 2 and 4 we adopted an expectant management because patients were old and had singnificant comorbidities.
If the patient becomes symptomatic during follow-up interventional treatment must be considered. On the other hand, in younger patients tumor growth is greater and tumor doubling time is shorter [ 4 , 13 ].